- A Direct quote is the verbatim use of another author’s words. Can be used as evidence to support your claim, or as language to analyze/close- read to demonstrate an interpretation or insight.
- A Paraphrase occurs when the author reiterates a main idea, argument, or detail of a text in their own words without drastically altering the length of the passage(s) they paraphrase. Contrast with summary.
- Response is a mode of writing that values the reader’s experience of and reactions to a text.
- Summary is a rhetorical mode in which an author reiterates the main ideas, arguments, and details of a text in their own words, condensing a longer text into a smaller version. Contrast with paraphrase.