It is important to note that revising, editing, and proofreading are very different processes. Despite the differences, however, they often overlap. They are being separated here for ease of explanation. Revising
- Revising is done throughout the writing process, with special emphasis on the first few drafts.
- Focus = big issues
- Editing is done throughout the writing process, with special emphasis on the middle and final drafts.
- Focus = technical issues
- Word choice
- Proofreading is reserved for the final draft.
- Focus = mechanics and presentation
- Typographical errors
- Textual inconsistencies