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Revising

9.2 Differences Between Revising, Editing, and Proofreading

It is important to note that revising, editing, and proofreading are very different processes. Despite the differences, however, they often overlap. They are being separated here for ease of explanation. Revising

  • Revising is done throughout the writing process, with special emphasis on the first few drafts.
  • Focus = big issues
  • Audience
  • Organization
  • Content
  • Support
  • Conclusion

Editing

  • Editing is done throughout the writing process, with special emphasis on the middle and final drafts.
  • Focus = technical issues
  • Usage
  • Word choice
  • Transitions
  • Mechanics

Proofreading

  • Proofreading is reserved for the final draft.
  • Focus = mechanics and presentation
  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Format
  • Typographical errors
  • Textual inconsistencies

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Expression and Inquiry by Chris Manning, Sally Pierce, and Melissa Lucken is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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