="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 512 512">

Extra Help Section

Commonly Confused Words – Homonyms

Homonyms are words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have distinctive meanings.

Its/it’s

Itsshows ownership – The subject of the sentence must be singular and cannot be male or female.

Ex. That restaurant is famous for its barbecued ribs.

The church lost its roof during the tornado.

It’scontraction of “it is” orit has”

Ex. It’s a gorgeous day outside!

It’s been a busy semester.

Your/you’re

Yourshows ownership

Ex. Your mother came by to see you.

You’recontraction ofyou are”

Ex. You’re my best friend.

There/they’re/their

There – can begin a sentence – it has no grammatical purpose and is called an Expletive.

Ex. There are too many people in the room.

Can show location or a direction – acts like an adverb

Ex. She went over there. (Where?)

They’re – contraction of “they are”

Ex. They’re coming over for dinner.

Their – pronoun that shows ownership – the noun for which it substitutes must be plural.

Ex. My neighbors found their cat in the back alley.

 

To/too/two

Tofollowed by a noun or an object pronoun, it is a preposition

Ex. I went to the movie theater.

Followed by a verb, it is called the infinitive. When used in sentences, it is NOT part of the verb.

Ex. Bill wants to become a dentist.

Too – means “more than enough”

Ex. We ate too much pizza.

can mean also

Ex. Sylvia shopped at Macy’s. I shopped there, too.

Twothe number

Ex. The class had two visitors last week.

Then/Than

Then – a time word

Ex. Susan drove around the block several times. Then she found the address.

Than – a comparison word

Ex. Michael runs faster than Joseph.

Accept/Except

Accept means “to receive; agree to”

Ex. If I accept your advice, I’ll lose all my friends.

Except  – means “to exclude; but”

Ex. I lost all my friends except you.

Advice/ Advise

Advice a noun, meaning “an opinion”

Ex. After she told me about her problem, I gave her my advice.

Advise a verb, meaning “to counsel, to give advice”

Ex. When I see my grandparents, they always advise me to stay in school and get good grades.

 

Affect/Effect

Affect a verb, meaning “to influence”

Ex. My parents’ opinions affect my choices all the time.

Effect a noun, meaning “result”

Ex. My little sister cries for effect.

The hurricane had a disastrous effect on our community.

 

Exercise 2: Practice – Write a sentence for each of the following.

it’s_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

its__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

your________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

you’re______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

there_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

they’re______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

their________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

too_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

to__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

two_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

then________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

than________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

accept______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

except______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

advice______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

advise______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

affect_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

effect_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

License

Icon for the CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) license

To the extent possible under law, Cheryl McCormick, Sue Hank, and Ninna Roth have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to Commonly Confused Words - Homonyms, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book

css.php