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Part 2 Grammar Skills Review

Irregular Verbs

Unlike Regular verbs that follow a pattern when changing tense, Irregular verbs do not follow any pattern. Sometimes the form is only a little different, and other times there are entirely different words being used.

To Be:

Present Tense

Am, is, are

Past Tense

Was, were

Future Tense

Will be

Present Perfect

Has/have been

Past Perfect

Had been

To Go:

Present Tense

Go, goes

Past Tense


Future Tense

Will go

Present Perfect

Has/have gone

Past Perfect

Had gone

In our examples, notice that the verb “to go” is only slightly irregular, but the verb “to be” uses completely different words as it moves from tense to tense. Nevertheless, both are irregular. Of special note is the past participle: it isn’t the past tense form of the verb for most irregular verbs.

Table A: Irregular Verbs

These are eleven Irregular verbs and their standard forms:

Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense Present Perfect Past Perfect
To Be am, is, are was, were will be has/have been had been
To Break break/breaks broke will break has/have broken had broken
To Come come/comes came will come has/have come had come
To Do Do/does Did Will do Has/have done Had done
T o Drive Drive/drives Drove Will drive Has/have driven Had driven
To Eat Eat/eats Ate Will eat Has/have eaten Had eaten
To Go Go/goes Went Will go Has/have gone Had gone
To have Have/has Had Will have Has/have had Had had
To see See/sees Saw Will see Has/have seen Had seen
To take Take/takes Took Will take Has/have taken Had taken
To write Write/writes Wrote Will write Has/have written Had written

Exercise 3

Write a paragraph that explains the routine you go through every day before coming to class. All verbs in this paragraph will be in Present Tense. The paragraph must be at least seven sentences long. In each sentence, underline the subject and the verb. If there are more than one, make sure you underline all of them.

Every day I get up at 6 a.m. I wash my face and brush my teeth and then head to the kitchen to let the dogs out. My husband makes coffee while I assemble his lunch. Then I drink a cup of coffee and eat some breakfast. After a while, I get in the shower and finish getting ready. Then I walk out the door and drive to work.

Now rewrite your paragraph, putting the verbs in past and future tense.


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To the extent possible under law, Cheryl McCormick, Sue Hank, and Ninna Roth have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to Irregular Verbs, except where otherwise noted.

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