Linking verbs also are non-action, and a lot of them use the “to be” verb. However, in Linking verb sentences, along with that form of “to be,” there is complement or completer, which is a noun, pronoun, or adjective that either renames or gives further description of the subject.
A Complement (or Completer) is a noun, pronoun, or adjective that renames or gives further information about the subject. Every Linking verb sentence must have a Completer.
Ex. Joe is an excellent runner.
In the example, notice runner gives us more information about Joe (the subject). Runner is a noun (the completer); is serves as a link between Joe and runner. Therefore, this is a Linking verb sentence.
Let’s take our example sentence from the State-of-Being verb section to show how a Linking verb sentence may have only a slight change to make the difference between State-of-Being and Linking.
Ex. Last weekend, Sue and Leon should have been keynote speakers in Chicago at a marriage conference.
Here, inserting “keynote speakers” after the verb (“should have been”) gives further information about Sue and Leon (the subjects in the sentence), thus changing the State-of-Being sentence to Linking.
As stated before, every sentence must have a subject and a verb. The subject is who or what the sentence is about, and it is a noun or a pronoun. In the following sentences, underline the subjects once and non-action verbs twice, and then indicate what type of verb is used. For State-of-Being, mark SOB; for Linking mark L.
- All day Alicia was in her office.
- Julius’s laptop should have been in his backpack.
- We were exhausted from the long run.
- At the end of the day, they were tired and disagreeable.
- Ironman could have been there at a moment’s notice.
- Darren and Alexis weren’t at the library.
- That winner was you!
- Our cat was content on our front porch.
- You should never be in a rush!
- The paper wasn’t in on time!