Melissa Ford Lucken
The choice of POV depends on the specific narrative goals, the depth of character exploration desired, and the intended reader experience.
First-person POV: The story is narrated by a character using “I” or “we” pronouns. This POV provides an intimate and subjective experience, as readers see events through the narrator’s eyes and thoughts.
I walked down the dimly lit street, my heart pounding with fear. The shadows seemed to whisper secrets, and I couldn’t shake off the feeling of being watched.
Third-person limited POV: The story is narrated from an external perspective, using third-person pronouns (he, she, they) while focusing on the thoughts, feelings, and experiences of a single character. Readers gain insights into the character’s perspective but are limited to their knowledge.
Lin hurried through the bustling market, her gaze darting from stall to stall. She couldn’t help but feel a sense of unease, as if someone was following her every move.
Third-person omniscient POV: The story is narrated from an external perspective, using third-person pronouns, and the narrator has access to the thoughts, emotions, and experiences of multiple characters. This POV provides a broader view of the story and allows readers to understand different characters’ perspectives.
As they stood at the edge of the cliff, Juan felt a surge of adrenaline coursing through his veins. Meanwhile, Sara’s mind raced with doubts and fears, unsure if they should take the plunge.
Second-person POV: The story is narrated using “you” pronouns, directly addressing the reader. This POV is less common in novels but can create a unique immersive experience, as readers are placed in the protagonist’s shoes.
You step into the dimly lit room, your heart pounding. The air is thick with anticipation, and you can’t help but wonder what awaits you on the other side.
There are also variations and combinations of these POVs, such as multiple third-person limited perspectives or a first-person narrator alternating with third-person omniscient sections.